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Note: for reprints of any of the articles below, please send me an email (rlehtinen ‘at’

Journal Articles (* denotes undergraduate author)


Barrett, L.H.*, D. Fraga and R.M. Lehtinen. In press. The genetic basis of melanism in Abert’s squirrel (Sciurus aberti). Animals 14: 648.

Gabriel, H., L. Rothe, J. Köhler, S. Rakotomanga, D. Edmonds, P. Galán, F. Glaw, R.M. Lehtinen, A. Rakotoarison, and M. Vences. 2024. Unexpected diversity and co-occurrence of phytotelmic frogs (Guibemantis) around Andasibe, one of the most intensively surveyed amphibian hotspots of Madagascar, and descriptions of three new species. Zootaxa 5397(4): 451–485.


Auguste, R., J.R. Downie, M. Jowers, R.M. Lehtinen, R. Mohammed and J.C. Murphy. 2023. Amphibians and Their Conservation in Trinidad and Tobago. pp. 544-572. In: Amphibian Biology, Volume 9: Status of Decline of Amphibians: Western Hemisphere, Part 5: The Caribbean. N. Ríos-López and H. Heatwole (eds.). Pelagic Publishing, London, UK.

Lehtinen, R.M. 2023. Empirical evidence for the rescue effect from a natural microcosm. Animals 13:1907. ani13121907

Lehtinen, R.M., D.A. Borowsky*, R.J. Auguste, M.B. Kosowsky and C. Richards-Zawacki. 2023. Evidence of Bd infection in the endangered Golden Tree Frog (Phytotriades auratus, Hylidae) from Trinidad. Herpetological Review 54: 41–43.


Kuchta, S.R., M.M. Hantak, B.P. Waldron, C.D. Anthony, C.M. Hickerson, and R.M. Lehtinen. 2022. Hybridization between the woodland salamanders Plethodon cinereus and P. electromorphus is Not Widespread. Ichthyology and Herpetology 110: 430–438.

Lehtinen, R.M., H. Hartman*, B. Marlowe* and A. Rojas*. 2022. Evidence for negative impacts on terrestrial salamanders following invasive plant removal. Journal of Herpetology 56: 92–98.

Lehtinen, R.M., M. Vences and M.D. Scherz. 2022. Guibemantis (Mantellidae). Pp. 1374-1377. In: The New Natural History of Madagascar (S.M. Goodman, ed.). Princeton University Press.

Riemann, J.C., A. Crottini, J. Dawson, R.M. Lehtinen, S.H. Ndriantsoa, J.-B. Ramanamanjato, J. Razafindraibe, M.-O. Rödel, D. Vallan and J. Glos. 2022. Consequences of forest fragmentation and habitat alterations on amphibians. Pp. 1336-1341. In: The New Natural History of Madagascar (S.M. Goodman, ed.). Princeton University Press.


Lehtinen, R.M., C.W. Gumpper*, K. Weiss*, L.L. Johnson*, N.G. Weltman*, M.N. Kellar*. 2021. Is second-growth rainforest good enough? Going beyond community composition. Biodiversity and Conservation 30: 781–796.

Korfel, C.A., R.M. Lehtinen, C.L. Richards-Zawacki, J. Fregonara*, P.K. Williams, A. Loudon, B. Sheafor, L. Charbonneau, B. Wolfe, T.E. Hetherington, T. Krynak, G. Lipps, E.M. Berent*, N.L. Newman* and J. N. Garrett-Larsen*. 2021. Infection patterns in an amphibian fungal pathogen in Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Notes 10: 13–21.

Smith, J., M.J. Jowers, R.J. Auguste, P. Hoskisson, C. Beyts, G. Muir, M.S. Greener, D. Thornham, I. Byrne, R. Lehtinen, M. Eyre*, M.G. Rutherford, J.C. Murphy, M. de Freitas, G.A. Rivas and J.R. Downie. 2021. The distribution and conservation status of the dwarf marsupial frog (Flectonotus fitzgeraldi) in Trinidad, Tobago and Venezuela. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 15: 36–56.


Lehtinen, R.M., B.M. Carlson, A.R. Hamm*, A.G. Riley*, M.M. Mullen*, and W.J. Gray*. 2020. Dispatches from the neighborhood watch: Using citizen science and field survey data to document color morph frequency in space and time. Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.6006


Murphy, J.C., A.L. Braswell, S.P. Charles, R.J. Auguste, G.A. Rivas Fuenmayor, A. Borzée, R.M. Lehtinen and M.J. Jowers. 2019. A new snake (Squamata, Dipsadidae) from the oceanic island of Tobago. ZooKeys 817: 131–157.

Lehtinen, R.M. and S.E. Green*. 2019. Life on a Leaf: Hatching Plasticity in Embryos of the Tobago Glass Frog (Hyalinobatrachium orientale tobagoense). South American Journal of Herpetology 14: 146–149.


Lehtinen, R.M., F. Glaw, M. Vences, A. Rakotoarison and M.D. Scherz. 2018. Two new Pandanus frogs (Guibemantis: Mantellidae: Anura) from northern Madagascar. European Journal of Taxonomy 451: 1–20.

Arquilla, A.M.* and R.M. Lehtinen. 2018. Geographic variation in head band shape in juveniles of (Clelia clelia, Colubridae). Mesoamerican Herpetology 5: 111–120.

Bletz, M.C., M.D. Scherz, A. Rakotoarison, R.M. Lehtinen, F. Glaw and M. Vences. 2018. Stumbling upon a new frog species of Guibemantis (Anura: Mantellidae) on the top of the Marojejy massif in northern Madagascar. Copeia 106: 255–263.


Hodson, E.E.* and R.M. Lehtinen. 2017. Diverse evidence for the decline of an adaptation in a coral snake mimic. Evolutionary Biology 44: 401–410.

Lehtinen, R.M. and Y.-C. Kam. 2017. No experimental evidence for cannibalism in tadpoles of a rhacophorid treefrog, Polypedates braueri. Current Herpetology 36: 54–57.

Murphy, J.C., R.M. Lehtinen, S.P. Charles, D. Wasserman, T. Anton and P.J. Brennan*.2017. A preliminary assessment of cryptic multicolored lizards in the Polychrus marmoratus Group (Reptilia: Squamata: Sauria) based upon genes and morphology with an emphasis on northern South America. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1): 1–16.


Murphy, J.C., M.J. Jowers, R.M. Lehtinen, S.P. Charles, G.R. Colli, A.K. Peres, C.R. Hendry and R.A. Pyron. 2016. Cryptic, sympatric diversity in tegu lizards of the Tupinambis teguixin group (Squamata, Sauria, Teiidae) and the description of three new species. PLoS ONE 11(8): e0158542. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158542

Lehtinen, R.M., A.F. Steratore*, M.M. Eyre*, E.S. Cassagnol*, M.L. Stern* and H.K. Edgington*. 2016. Identification of widespread hybridization between two terrestrial salamanders using morphology, image analysis and molecular markers. Copeia 104:132-139.

Lehtinen, R.M., T.L Calkins*, A.M. Novick* and J.L. McQuigg*. 2016. Re-assessing the conservation status of an island endemic frog. Journal of Herpetology 50: 249-255.


Tung, W.P., Y. H. Chen, W.C. Cheng, M. F. Chuang, W.T. Hsu, Y.C. Kam and R.M. Lehtinen. 2015. Parentage of Overlapping Offspring of an Arboreal-breeding Frog with No Nest Defense: Implications for Nest Site Selection and Reproductive Strategy. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0123221. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0123221


Lehtinen, R.M. and J.R. Witter*. 2014. Detecting frogs and detecting declines: an examination of occupancy and turnover patterns at the range edge of Blanchard’s Cricket Frog (Acris blanchardi). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 9:502-515.

Jowers, M.J., R.M. Lehtinen, J.R. Downie, A.P. Georgiadis* and J.C. Murphy. 2014. Molecular phylogenetics of the glass frog Hyalinobatrchium orientale (Anura: Centrolenidae): Evidence for Pliocene connections between mainland Venezuela and the island of Tobago. Mitochondrial DNA DOI:10.3109/19401736.2014.880888

Lehtinen, R.M. 2014. Confirmation of nest building in a population of the gladiator frog Hypsiboas crepitans (Anura, Hylidae) from the island of Tobago (West Indies). Herpetology Notes 7: 227-229.

Lehtinen, R.M., S.E. Green* and J.L. Pringle*. 2014. Impacts of paternal care and seasonal change on offspring survival: A multi-season experimental study of a Caribbean frog. Ethology 120: 400-409.


Murphy, J.C., S.P. Charles, R.M. Lehtinen and K.L. Koeller*. 2013. A molecular and morphological characterization of Oliver’s parrot snake, Leptophis coeruleodorsus (Squamata: Serpentes, Colubridae) with the description of a new species from Tobago. Zootaxa 3718: 561–574

Vences, M., A. Rakotoarison, A.M.A. Rakotondrazafy, F.M. Ratsoavina, R.D. Randrianiaina, F. Glaw, R.M. Lehtinen and C.J. Raxworthy. 2013. Assessing the diversity of phytotelmic frogs along Madagascar’s east coast: Redefinition of Guibemantis bicalcaratus (Boettger, 1913) and revalidation of Guibemantis methueni (Angel, 1929). Vertebrate Zoology 63:3-15.


Lehtinen, R.M., F. Glaw, F. Andreone, M. Pabijan and M. Vences. 2012. A new species of putatively pond breeding frog of the genus Guibemantis from southeastern Madagascar. Copeia 2012: 648-662.

Lehtinen, R.M. and A.P. Georgiadis*. 2012. Observations on parental care in the glass frog Hyalinobatrachium orientale (Anura: Centrolenidae) from Tobago, with comments on its natural history. Phyllomedusa 11: 59-61.


Lehtinen, R.M. and M.C. MacDonald*. 2011. Live fast, die young? A six year field study of longevity and survivorship in Blanchard’s cricket frog (Acris crepitans blanchardi). Herpetological Review 42: 504-507.

Carfagno, G., J.M. Carithers*, L.J. Mycoff* and R.M. Lehtinen. 2011. How the cricket frog (Acris blanchardi) lost its spot: the inducible defense hypothesis. Herpetologica 67: 386-396.

Lehtinen, R.M., F. Glaw and M. Vences. 2011. Two new plant-breeding frog species (Anura: Mantellidae, Guibemantis) from southeastern Madagascar. The Herpetological Journal 21: 95-112.

Lehtinen, R.M. and G.L.F. Carfagno. 2011. Habitat selection, the included niche and coexistence in plant-specialist frogs from Madagascar. Biotropica 43: 58–67.

Lehtinen, R.M., E.A. Wojtowicz* and A. Hailey. 2011. Male vocalizations, female discrimination and molecular phylogeny: Multiple perspectives on the taxonomic status of a critically endangered Caribbean frog. Journal of Zoology. 283: 117-125.


Lehtinen, R.M. 2009. The natural history of two plant-breeding frogs from Madagascar, Guibemantis bicalcaratus and G. punctatus (Anura: Mantellidae). Salamandra 45:39-49.


Lin, Y.-S., R.M. Lehtinen and Y.-C. Kam. 2008. Time-dependent oviposition site selection of a phytotelm-breeding and egg-provisioning frog (Kurixalus eiffingeri) in relation to habitat characteristics and conspecific cues. Herpetologica 63:413-421.

Lehtinen, R.M. and A. Hailey. 2008. A description of the tadpole of Mannophryne olmonae (Anura: Aromobatidae). Caribbean Journal of Science 44: 260-264.

Lehtinen, R.M., Y.-C. Kam, and C. Richards. 2008. Preliminary surveys for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Taiwan. Herpetological Review 39: 317-318.

Steiner*, S.L. and R.M. Lehtinen. 2008. Occurrence of the amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Blanchard’s cricket frog (Acris crepitans blanchardi) in the U.S. Midwest. Herpetological Review 39: 193-196.

Alemu, J.B., M.N.E. Cazabon, L. Dempewolf, A. Hailey, R.M. Lehtinen, R.P. Mannette, K.T. Naranjit and A.C.J. Roach. 2008. Presence of the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendobatidis in populations of the critically endangered frog Mannophryne olmonae in Tobago, West Indies. EcoHealth 5: 34-39.


Alemu, J.B., M.N.E. Cazabon, L. Dempewolf, A. Hailey, R.M. Lehtinen, R.P. Mannette, K.T. Naranjit and A.C.J. Roach. 2007. Ecology of the critically endangered endemic frog Mannophryne olmonae in Tobago. Applied Herpetology 4: 377-386.

Lehtinen, R.M., R.A. Nussbaum, C.M. Richards, D.C. Cannatella and M. Vences. 2007. Mitochondrial genes reveal cryptic diversity in plant-breeding frogs from Madagascar (Anura, Mantellidae, Guibemantis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1121-1129.


Lehtinen, R.M. and J.-B. Ramanamanjato. 2006. Effects of rainforest fragmentation and correlates of local extinction in a herpetofauna from Madagascar. Applied Herpetology 3: 95-110.

Lehtinen, R.M. and A.A. Skinner*. 2006. The enigmatic decline of Blanchard’s cricket frog: a test of the habitat acidification hypothesis. Copeia 2006: 159-167.


Lehtinen, R.M. 2005. Competitive interactions and distributional dynamics in two Malagasy frogs. Journal of Tropical Ecology 21: 569-576.


Lehtinen, R.M., M.J. Lannoo and R.J. Wassersug. 2004. Phytotelm breeding anurans: past, present and future research. Pp. 1-9 In: Ecology and Evolution of Phytotelm-Breeding Anurans. R.M. Lehtinen (ed.). Miscellaneous Publications of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology No. 193.

Lehtinen, R.M., C. Richards and R.A. Nussbaum. 2004. Origin of a complex reproductive trait: phytotelm breeding in mantelline frogs. Pp. 45-53 In: Ecology and Evolution of Phytotelm-Breeding Anurans. R.M. Lehtinen (ed.). Miscellaneous Publications of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology No. 193.

Lehtinen, R.M. 2004. Tests for competition, cannibalism and priority effects in two phytotelm-dwelling tadpoles from Madagascar. Herpetologica 60: 1-13.


Lehtinen, R.M. 2003. Parental care and reproduction in two species of Mantidactylus (Anura: Mantellidae). Journal of Herpetology 37: 766-768.

Lehtinen, R.M., J.-B. Ramanamanjato and J. G. Raveloarison. 2003. Edge effects and extinction proneness in a herpetofauna from Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 12: 1357-1370.


Lehtinen, R.M. 2002. The use of screw pines (Pandanus spp.) by amphibians and reptiles in Madagascar. The Herpetological Bulletin 82: 20-25.

Lehtinen, R.M. 2002. A historical study of the distribution of Blanchard’s cricket frog (Acris crepitans blanchardi) in southeastern Michigan. Herpetological Review 33: 194-197.


Lehtinen, R.M. and S.M. Galatowitsch. 2001. Amphibian colonization of restored wetlands in Minnesota. American Midland Naturalist 145: 388-396.


Galatowitsch, S.M., D.C. Whited, R. Lehtinen, J. Husveth, and K. Schik. 2000. The vegetation of wet meadows in relation to their land-use. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 60: 121-144.

Whited, D., S. Galatowitsch, J.R. Tester, K. Schik, R. Lehtinen and J. Husveth. 2000. The importance of local and regional factors in predicting effective conservation strategies for wetland bird communities in agricultural and urban landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning 49: 49-65.


Lehtinen, R.M., S.M. Galatowitsch, and J.R. Tester. 1999. Consequences of habitat loss and fragmentation for wetland amphibian assemblages. Wetlands 19: 1-12.


Madejczyk*, J.C., N.D. Mundahl, and R.M. Lehtinen*. 1998. Fish assemblages of natural and artificial habitats within the channel border of the Upper Mississippi River. American Midland Naturalist 139: 296-310.


Lehtinen*, R.M., N.D. Mundahl, and J.C. Madejczyk*. 1997. Autumn use of woody snags by fish in backwater and channel border habitats of Pool 6, Upper Mississippi River, USA. Environmental Biology of Fishes 49: 7-19.


Murphy, J.C., J.R. Downie, J.M. Smith, S.M. Livingstone, R.S. Mohammed, R.M. Lehtinen, M. Eyre*, J.N. Sewlal, N. Noriega, G.S. Casper, T. Anton, M.G. Rutherford, A.L. Braswell and M.J. Jowers. 2018. A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists’ Club, Port of Spain, Trinidad. 336 pp.

Ecology and Evolution of Phytotelm-Breeding Anurans. 2004. R.M. Lehtinen (ed.). Miscellaneous Publications of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology No. 193. 73 pp.

Book Chapters

Lehtinen, R.M. 2013. Pickerel Frog. Pp. 645-652 In: Amphibians of Ohio. R.A. Pfingsten, J.G. Davis, T.O. Matson, G.J. Lipps, Jr., D. Wynn and B.J. Armitage (eds.). Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin New Series, Volume 17. Columbus, OH.

Lehtinen, R.M. and R.A. Nussbaum. 2003. Parental care: a phylogenetic perspective. Pp. 343-386 In: Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Anura, B.G.M. Jamieson (ed.). Science Publishers Inc., Enfield, NH, U.S.A.